It begins with the forestation (the best is to use container plants). To transport the young plants to the planting site, you should use the Log Line in conjunction with a hauling tray and a small winch. On flat terrai, a horse can pull the Log-Line with the front mounted on a hauling tray.
One can affix the TS Protectors against browsing before planting the young trees. This makes it much easier and saves time, too. TS Protectors are used on both deciduous trees and conifers.
They are affixed during the dormant season and each year they are repositioned on the new shoot. The best thing is to protect the young trees with the TS Protectors and reduce the game population to a decent number. Next comes the first thinning. It should be carried out in a gentle manner, using motor assisted or manual methods.
The thinning is very important. In the following we give you an outline of our experience how to proceed in the most efficient way. The proper marking of the F-trees (future trees) should be carried out by a skilled specialist. We suggest knotting a colored ribbon around the trunk at eye level, so that the forest worker can easily locate them from any side, even from a distance. Then the forest worker can cut all unmarked trees. This speeds up the process and avoids errors. Using color spray instead of ribbons is only suitable under limited conditions.
The forest worker should cut the timber according to current market specifications. Root flares should be cut out so that the logs are straight. Then, everything can be marketed. Log diameters between 6 cm and 12 cm are used for fence wood, bigger than 12 cm is sold for chipper or lumber. Crooked, dry and rotten pieces can be sold to a heating plant. To forward the logs to the road on sloped terrain with more than 15% gradient, we suggest using the Log-Line. On flat terrain, horse-drawn hauling trays are preferable. Using this method, the forest as a whole is preserved. No damage is done and no skid trails are required. Thus, the thinning can also be carried out during the growing season. Using a tractor with a crane-mounted trailer, the sorting should be carried out carefully at the forest road. This is very important since timber prices are very divergent, based on the type and quality, since the profitability of the thinning depends on it.
The growth of the remaining trees after the thinning is astonishingly good. After the thinning, there is no more peeling damage on the trees since the deer can no longer reside and hide in an open forest. The deer therefore seek another location. In 2009 we performed a successful thinning in our own forest. Every year at the beginning of May, we measure at chest level the circumference on 20 selected and marked trees.
The increase in circumference is represented in the accompanying figure.